Shriram’s Jatar’s last Will and Testament

This is Shriram Bhikaji Jatar’s Will. It was the 1800’s but our great grand-father (for some, their great-great-grandfather) made a Will. This is telling, considering that many people today in the 21st century don’t bother to do it.

Shriram wrote this when he was unwell. The five salient points from the Will are:

  1. Shriram Jatar was a self-made man. He willed only what he had earned himself. He got nothing from his father.
  2. He acquired real estate and also shares and promissory notes.
  3. In his Will he returned money which had been kept in his safe-keeping by his half-brother, and he returned it with interest. This speaks to the high integrity of this man.
  4. Everything in the Will is clear, including the liabilities. This made it simple for his heirs.
  5. He made provisions for his daughter who was unmarried at the time.

The actual Will is reproduced here in image form.

Shriram's Will 1Shriram's Will 2Shriram's Will 3Shriram's Will 4

(This Will was found in Bhausaheb’s papers and handed over to me by my father, Sudhir Jatar).

The Shriram Wada

The Shriram Wada, a sprawling structure in the heart of Pune city, was bought by Shriram Bhikaji Jatar (SBJ) around 1890 on his retirement. It was bought from his own earnings. He did not receive any property from his father (Bhikaji). Shriram Jatar left this property to his sons and in the year 1927 approximately, Bapurao bought it from his brothers (a value of ₹20,000/- was placed on the Wada) after selling a property in Nagpur (documentation available with me.) After Bapurao’s death (1951), the Shriram Wada was sold.

It is a huge Wada with 3 floors and numerous rooms. It has entrances on two sides, as it straddles two lanes in Narayan Peth. There is a water well at the back. There used to be a cowshed with 3 or 4 buffaloes. The main entrance used to be from the north, but now it has been changed to the south. It used to be number 340, Narayan Peth, but now the number has changed to 387/388.

Lokmanya Tilak was a tenant here and the Wada has become known for this now.

Here are the photographs of the Wada. The front entrance has a board of the “Maharashtra Rashtrabhasha Sabha” which operates from this building. Unfortunately, this board hides the marble name-plate of our ancestor, Shriram.

wada ext
Exterior of the wada

The photo below shows the marble engraving of Shriram’s name. We asked the authorities to remove the board so we could take the photo.

entry

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Tilak
A board directing you to the room where Lokmanya Tilak stayed

entry or exit

Information and photographs provided by Sudhir Jatar.

Madhav Jatar – the Actor

Diwakar Vasudev Jatar, known as Madhav in the Jatar family, was a talented theatre actor. His daughter Mrudula has provided photos from the various Marathi plays that he acted in. See them here in a slideshow:

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Madhav was the fifth child of Appasaheb (Vasudev) and Radhavahini (and the grandson of Bapurao and the great-grandson of Shriram Jatar.)

War achievements of 105 regiment

Enclosed is an image which shows the “Excerpts from an official document acclaiming the role of the 105 Regiment in 1971 Indo-Pakistan War”. These extracts are recommendations sent to Army HQ from two Brigade HQ and HQ Infantry Division to which 105 Engineer Regiment gave close support during the battle for Punch in the 1971 Indo-Pak war.

My father Maj Gen SCN Jatar, served as the Commanding Officer of 105 Engineer Regiment from 1971 to November 1975.

105 in 71 War

Here is in brief what the above image documents:

105 Engineer Regiment less 402 Field Company provided intimate support to 95 Infantry Brigade for the defence of PUNCH Sector and attack on NANOI TEKRI Complex…the Regiment laid a number of minefields, both protective and defensive, cleared safe lanes/areas in the minefields around own Forward Defended Localities for revisiting of automatic weapons. A large number of roads and tracks were constructed to important Forward Defended Localities and gun areas. Underground bunkers and an all-weather helipad were constructed. Assault groups accompanied the assaulting troops during the attack on NANGI TEKRI Complex, safe lanes were breached in enemy minefields on the capture of NANGI TEKRI for move forward of reorganization stores and protective minefields were laid around captured objectives which contributed in beating back the counter attacks. These tasks contributed greatly towards the success of the battle of PUNCH.

Capture of NANGI TEKRI
379 Fd Company, a major portion of 402 Fd Company and Regimental HQ of 105 Engr Regt provided support for the attack and capture of NANGI TEKRI, JUNGLE TEKRI, JUNGLE HUMP AND DHIP. This Regiment carried out the following tasks for the support of the operation:

Statement by Brig. MS Pahwar
The support provided by 105 was invaluable, without which the capture of NANGI TEKRi would not have been accomplished.

Statement by Maj Gen Kundan Singh, PVSM
105 helped prepare for numerous battles/actions which deserved an award.

Maj Gen AV Natu, MVC, also lauds the support given by 105 Engr Regt.

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Above image from Pixabay.

The Jatar Y-DNA

The male ancestors of the Jatars were not the original inhabitants of this land (India) as mentioned in this post. My father, Sudhir Jatar, analysed his DNA (both Y-DNA and Mt-DNA) and the post mentioned above explains the Y-DNA report. All those with a male Jatar ancestor would share. Y-DNA checks the male side ie. father’s father and so on.

The only way to trace the ancient origin of the Jatar line is by measuring the Y DNA. Humans have 23 chromosomes and only one of these is the Y chromosome and the genes on the Y chromosomes are mostly to do with gender-related attributes. The Y chromosome is passed from parent to child without recombination. Therefore it is the most reliable way of finding the origin of the person. A person has 23 pairs of chromosomes (one of each pair from one parent, totalling 46) and 22 of these recombine when a child is created.

An analysis of the Y DNA chromosome tells us that the Jatars were outsiders, the invaders. Here is the break-up of our DNA if it is categorised into Invaders, Farmers, Hunter-Gatherers.

dns

The Jatars were a warrior clan and perhaps it is not surprising that so many Jatars or the descendants of the Jatars were naturally attracted to joining the services – Army, Navy, Airforce. It is in our very DNA! Please note that the other chromosomes have genes passed down from both the mother and the father and these recombine to form a completely new human being.

In the chart below, you will see the ethnic makeup percentage of the Y-DNA kit of my father. The origins are from Central Asia mostly, the north of North India!

Ethnic percentage

<1% refers to a trace percentage

The people who have been matched with the Jatars from similar haplogroups are from Germany, Sweden, Poland, Croatia, Switzerland, Russia, Turkey, UAE, Italy, Iraq and Sweden. The FTDNA company which analyses the DNA sends us email ids of the individual who are related to us from anywhere between 5-24 generations. We have Arabs as well as people from Mongolia as our distant cousins.

While our original ancestor was of European origin, this origin has been diluted over the generations and at present, our genes have barely a trace of his presence.

Darshana Date marries Siddhesh Kolhe

On the 3rd of March 2019, Darshana Date’s wedding took place at Pandit Farms in Pune. She married Siddesh, the son of Dilip and Joyti Kolhe. Darshana is the daughter of Madhavi and Deepak Date and the sister of Kaushiki Date.

Madhavi Date nee Jatar, is the daughter of Sadashiv Jatar (popularly known as Balasaheb or Balu) and the grand-daughter of Bhausaheb and the great-granddaughter of Shriram Jatar. Darshana is the great-great-granddaughter of Shriram Jatar.

darshana marriage

The Borgaonkar ancestral home

The Borgaonkar family is the family which Smt. Kumudini Borgoankar nee Jatar, married into. She married Shankarao Borgaonkar and was the only child of Balasaheb Jatar, the second son of Shriram Bhikaji Jatar. Shankarao was from Hyderabad. He and Kumudini had four daughters – Pramila, Saral, Achala and Leela and one son Bal Borgaonkar.

These photographs and information given below was provided by Pramila Desai’s son, Ranjan Desai, the grandson of Kumudini, and great-grandson of Balasaheb Jatar.

The photos below are of the Borgaonkar home in Hyderabad. Continue reading “The Borgaonkar ancestral home”