Memories of the 1965 Indo-Pak War

Photo provided by MK Mangalmurti

This article is a fascinating account of the 1965 Indo-Pak war by Madhav (MK) Mangalmurti. He was in Pakistan at that time and his experiences give us an insight into the real Pakistan. This write-up was penned for a book by Maj.Gen. Gokhale (yet to be published). 

Background
1965 was an eventful year in Indo-Pak history. The Pakistani military ruler General Ayub Khan emerged victorious in the Presidential elections held in January 1965 amidst allegations of rigging. This factor created a desire in Ayub to improve his political image by achieving some success in the realm of foreign relations. He got an opportunity to do so in April 1965 over a minor border dispute with India in the Rann of Kutch area. The Pakistan Army dominated the skirmishes in the Rann area as a result of which a climate of overconfidence was created in the Pakistani military and political establishment.

As a result, In May 1965, President Ayub decided to launch the proposed “Operation Continue reading “Memories of the 1965 Indo-Pak War”